Jan Germen Janmaat

Professor of political socialization, UCL Institute of Education


Education, Practice and Society


Centre for Learning and Life Chances in Knowledge Economies and Societies (LLAKES)

Phone: 0207 612 6631
Office: 771b

Role in LLAKES

Deputy Director and PI for ‘Post-16 Educational Trajectories’ Project

IRIS profile: https://iris.ucl.ac.uk/iris/browse/profile?upi=JGJAN79

Personal web page: https://germjanmaat.wordpress.com/

Research Interests

Germ is interested in the development of civic values and identities among young people and in the impact of education, broadly conceived, on these outcomes. In recent years his research has increasingly focussed on political engagement and tolerance as key civic values. He examines the effect of education amidst other micro- and macro-level influences on both levels and inequalities of these outcomes. Given the interdisciplinary nature of his research interests, he published more than 40 articles across the fields of education, sociology, political science and diversity studies. He has published eight books so far, the latest of which is Education, Democracy and Inequality: Political Engagement and Citizenship Education in Europe, Palgrave, co-authored with Bryony Hoskins.

Current LLAKES Projects

Education and Inequalities in Political Engagement

Recent Outputs and Activities

(i)      Books

James, J. and Janmaat, J.G. (2019). Civil Disorder, Domestic Terrorism and Educational Policy: The Context in England and France. Basingstoke: Palgrave

Hoskins, B. and Janmaat, J.G. (2019). Education, Democracy and Inequality: Political Engagement, and Citizenship Education in Europe. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Everett, H. (†) (2018). Faith Schools, Tolerance and Diversity: Exploring the Influence of Education on Students’ Levels of Tolerance. Janmaat, J. G., Vickers, E., and Everett, H. (eds.). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Parker-Jenkins., M., Glenn, M. and Janmaat, J.G. (2015). Reaching in, Reaching Out: Faith Schools, Community Engagement and 21st Century Skills for Intercultural Understanding. London: Institute of Education Press.

Janmaat, J.G., Duru-Bellat, M., Mehaut, P., and Green, A. (eds.) (2013). Dynamics and Social Outcomes of Education Systems. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Green, A. and J.G. Janmaat (2011). Regimes of Social Cohesion: Societies and the Crisis of Globalisation. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Green, A., J. Preston and J.G. Janmaat (2006). Education, Equality and Social Cohesion. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Janmaat, J.G. (2000), Nation-Building in Post-Soviet Ukraine: Educational Policy and the Response of the Russian-speaking Population. Amsterdam/Utrecht: Koninklijk Nederlands Aardrijkskundig Genootschap (KNAG) (PhD thesis).


(ii)        Journal articles

Janmaat, J.G. (forthcoming). ‘School Social Segregation and Social Inequalities in Political Engagement among 16 to 20 year olds in Fourteen Countries’, Research Papers in Education

Sampermans, D., Claes, E. and Janmaat, J. G. (forthcoming). Back on track? How civic learning opportunities widen the political knowledge gap in a tracked education system, School Effectiveness and School Improvement.

Rüber, I. E., & Janmaat, J. G. (2021). Does Participation in Adult Education Increase Volunteering? An Analysis of British Longitudinal DataAdult Education Quarterly, 71 (1), 55-72.

Keating, A., & Janmaat, J. G. (2020). Immigrants, inclusion, and the role of hard work: Exploring anti‐immigrant attitudes among young people in Britain. The Sociological Review, 68(6), 1212-28.

Wolhuter, C.C., Janmaat, G-J., Van der Walt, J.L. & Potgieter, F.J., (2020), ‘The role of the school in inculcating citizenship values in South Africa: Theoretical and international comparative perspectives’, South African Journal of Education, 40, (Supplement 2), S1-S11

Janmaat, J.G. (2019). ‘The development of generalized trust among young people in England’, Social Sciences, 8 (11), 299, pp 1-20.

Gill, O. and Janmaat, J.G. (2019). The “schools revolution” in England: Configurational Comparative Analysis of academisation across local authorities, Cambridge Journal of Education, 49 (5), 575-604.

Janmaat, J.G. and Keating, A. (2019). ‘Are Today’s Youth more Tolerant? Trends in Tolerance among Young People in Britain’. Ethnicities, 19  (1), 44-65

Janmaat, J.G. (2018). Educational Influences on Young People's Support for Fundamental British Values, British Educational Research Journal, 44 (2), 251-273.

Filetti, A. and Janmaat, J.G. (2018). ‘Income Inequality and Economic Downturn in Europe: a Multilevel Analysis of Their Consequences for Political Participation’. Acta Politica, 53 (3), 327-47.

Hoskins, B., Janmaat, J. G. and Melis, G. (2017).Tackling inequalities in political socialisation: A systematic analysis of access to and mitigation effects of learning citizenship at school’, Social Science Research, 68 (November), 88-101.

Hoskins, B., Janmaat, J.G., Han, C., and Muijs, D. (2016). Inequalities in the Education System and the Reproduction of Socio-Economic Disparities in Voting in England, Denmark and Germany, Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, Vol 46, No 1, pp. 69-92.

Hoskins, B. and Janmaat, J.G. (2016). Educational Trajectories and Inequalities of Political Engagement among Adolescents in England, Social Science Research, 56, 73-89.

Keating, A. and Janmaat, J.G. (2016). Education through Citizenship at School: Do School Activities Have a Lasting Impact on Youth Political Engagement? Parliamentary Affairs, 69 (2), 409-429.

Janmaat, J.G. (2016). Civic Values in Times of Austerity: A Cross-National and Cross–Generational Analysis. Citizenship Teaching and Learning, 11 (3), 267-87.

Janmaat, J.G. (2015). ‘School Ethnic Diversity and White Students’ Civic Attitudes  in England’, Social Science Research, Vol 49, pp. 97-109.

McAdory, S. and Janmaat, J.G. (2015). Trends in Irish-Medium Education in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland since 1920: Shifting Agents and Explanations. Journal of Multicultural and Multilingual Development, Vol 36, No 5, pp 528-43.

Janmaat, J.G., Hoskins, B. and Franceschelli, M. (2015). Early School Leavers and NEETS in the UK: Trends, Consequences and Policies. Scuola Democratica, No 2, pp 455-70.

Qureshi, Y, and Janmaat, J.G. (2014). ‘Diverging or Converging Trends: An Investigation of Education Policies Concerning the Incorporation of Ethnic Minority Children in England, France and Germany’, Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, Vol 44, No 5, pp. 710-31.

Janmaat, J.G., Mostafa, T., and Hoskins, B. (2014). Widening the Participation Gap: The Effect of Educational Track on Reported Voting in England, Journal of Adolescence,  37, 473-482.

Janmaat, J.G. (2014). ‘Do Ethnically Mixed Classrooms Promote Inclusive Attitudes Towards Immigrants Everywhere? A Study Among Native Adolescents in 14 Western Countries’, European Sociological Review, Vol. 30, No 6, 810-22.

Dimeglio, I., Janmaat, J.G. and Mehaut, P. (2013). Social Cohesion and the Labour Market: Societal Regimes of Civic Attitudes and Labour Market Regimes. Social Indicators Research, 111, pp. 753-73.

Janmaat, J.G. and Green, A. (2013). ‘Skills Inequality, Adult Learning and Social Cohesion in the United Kingdom’, British Journal of Educational Studies, 61, 1, pp. 7-24.

Janmaat, J.G. (2013). ‘Subjective Inequality: A Review of International Comparative Studies on People’s Views about Inequality’, European Journal of Sociology / Archives Européennes de Sociology, Vol 54, No 3. Pp 357-89.

Janmaat, J.G. (2012). ‘The Effect of Classroom Diversity on Tolerance and Participation in England, Sweden and Germany’, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 38, (1), 21-40.

Hoskins, B., Janmaat, J.G. and Villalba, E. (2012). ‘Learning Citizenship through Social Participation Outside and Inside School: An International, Multilevel Study of Young People’s Learning of Citizenship’, British Educational Research Journal, Vol 38, No 3, pp 419-446.

Janmaat, J.G. (2011). ‘Social Cohesion as a Real-Life Phenomenon: Assessing the Explanatory Power of the Universalist and Particularist Perspectives’, Social Indicators Research, Vol 100, No 1, 61-83.

Janmaat, J.G. and N. Mons (2011). ‘Promoting Ethnic Tolerance and Patriotism: The Role of Education System Characteristics’, Comparative Education Review, Vol 55, No 1, 56-81.

Green, A., J.G. Janmaat and H. Cheng (2011). ‘Social Cohesion: Converging and Diverging Trends’, National Institute of Economics Review, No 215, 6-22. [My contribution: 30%]

Janmaat, J.G. (2011). ‘Ability Grouping, Segregation and Civic Competences among Adolescents’, International Sociology, 26 (4): 455-482.

Janmaat, J.G. and R. Braun (2009) ‘Diversity and Postmaterialism as Rival Perspectives in Accounting for Social Solidarity: Evidence from International Surveys’, International Journal of Comparative Sociology, pp. 39-68.

Janmaat, J.G. (2009). ‘Ethno-Racial Diversity and Social Capital in English Schools’, Educational Practice & Theory, Vol 31, No. 2, pp 31-55.

Janmaat, J.G. (2008). ‘Nation-Building, Democratization and Internationalization as Competing Priorities in Ukraine’s Education System’. Nationalities Papers. Vol 36, No 1, pp 1-23.

Janmaat, J.G. (2008) ‘The Civic Attitudes of Ethnic Minority Youth and the Impact of Citizenship Education’, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. Vol 34, No 1, pp 27-54.

Janmaat, J.G. (2008) ‘Socio-Economic Inequality and Cultural Fragmentation in Western Societies’, Comparative Sociology. Vol 7, No 1, pp 179-214.

Janmaat, J.G. and E. Vickers (2007). ‘Education and Identity Formation in Post-Communist Europe and East Asia: Introduction’, Compare: a Journal of Comparative Education. Vol 37, No 3, pp 267-275.

Janmaat, J.G. (2007). ‘The “Ethnic Other” in Ukrainian History Textbooks: The Case of Russia and the Russians’, Compare: a Journal of Comparative Education. Vol 37, No 3, pp 307-324.

Janmaat J.G. and N. Piattoeva (2007) ‘Citizenship Education in Ukraine and Russia: Shifting Discourses and Diverging trends’, Comparative Education. Vol 43, No 2, pp 527-552.

Janmaat, J.G. (2006) ‘Popular Conceptions of Nationhood in Old and New European Member States: Partial Support for the Ethnic-Civic Framework’, Ethnic and Racial Studies 29, No. 1, 50-78.

Janmaat, J.G. (2006) ‘History and National Identity Construction: The Great Famine in Irish and Ukrainian History Textbooks’, History of Education 35, No. 3, 345-368.

Janmaat, J.G. (2006) ‘Civic Culture in East and West’, European Journal of Sociology 29, No. 2, 303-333.

Janmaat, J.G. (2005) ‘Ethnic and Civic Conceptions of the Nation in Ukraine’s History Textbooks’, European Education, 37, No. 3, 20-37.

Janmaat, J.G. (1999) ‘Language Politics in Education and the Response of the Russians in Ukraine’ Nationalities Papers 27, No. 3, 475-501.


(iii)       Chapters in books

Janmaat, J.G. (forthcoming). ‘Education in England’. In Steyn, H. J. & Wolhuter, C. C.  (eds), World Education Systems Entering the Twenty-First Century, Noordbrug: Keurkopie.

Janmaat, J.G. (2017). ‘The Impact of the Recession on Young People’s Satisfaction with Democratic Politics’. In: Schoon, I. and Bynner, J. (eds), Young People’s Development and the Great Recession: Uncertain Transitions and Precarious Futures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 372-400.

Ten Dam, G., Dijkstra, A.B. and Janmaat, J.G. (2016). ‘De Maatschappelijke Opdracht van de School: Burgerschapsonderwijs in Ontwikkeling’. In: Eidhof, B., van Houtte, M. and Vermeulen, M. (eds), Sociologen over Onderwijs: Inzichten, Praktijken en Kritieken. Antwerpen-Apeldoorn: Garant, pp 259-280.

Dijkstra, A.B., Ten Dam, G., Janmaat, J.G. and Francissen, W. (2016). ‘De Grote Stad Vraagt om een Eigen Visie op Burgerschapsonderwijs’. In: Fukkink, R. and Oostdam, R. (eds), Onderwijs en Opvoeding in een Stedelijke Omgeving. Bussum: Uitgeverij Coutinho, pp. 143-152.

Green, A  and Janmaat, J. G. (2016)  ‘Education and Social Cohesion – A Panglossian Global Discourse’ in Mundy, K., Green, A, Lingard, B.  and Verger, A. (eds), Handbook of Global Education Policy, Wiley-Backwell, Oxford, pp. 169-188. [My contribution: 8%]

Hoskins, B. and Janmaat, J.G. (2014). ‘Comparing Young People’s Beliefs and Perceptions of Gender Equality across 28 Different Countries’, in Schoon, I. and Eccles, J.S. (eds), Gender Differences in Aspirations and Attainment: A Life Course Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 475-94. [My contribution: 50%]

Janmaat, J.G. (2013). ‘Civic Competences: Some Critical Reflections’, in M. Print and D. Lange (eds), Civic Education and Competences for Engaging Citizens in Democracies. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 51-63.

Janmaat, J.G, Duru-Bellat, M., Green, A. And Mehaut, P. (2013). ‘Introduction’, in Janmaat, J.G, Duru-Bellat, M., Green, A. and Mehaut, P. (eds), The Dynamics and Social Outcomes of Education Systems. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 1-11.

Han, C., Janmaat, J.G, May, T. and Morris, P. (2013). ‘Curriculum Patterns in Citizenship Education’, in Janmaat, J.G, Duru-Bellat, M., Green, A. and Mehaut, P. (eds), The Dynamics and Social Outcomes of Education Systems. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 116-138. [My contribution: 35%]

Janmaat, J.G. (2013). ‘Educational Differentiation and Inequalities of Civic Engagement’, in Janmaat, J.G, Duru-Bellat, M., Green, A. and Mehaut, P. (eds), The Dynamics and Social Outcomes of Education Systems. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 202-222.

Janmaat, J.G, Duru-Bellat, M., Green, A. And Mehaut, P. (2013). ‘Conclusion’, in Janmaat, J.G, Duru-Bellat, M., Green, A. And Mehaut, P. (eds), The Dynamics and Social Outcomes of Education Systems. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 299-314.

Janmaat, J.G. (2012). ‘History and National Identity Construction: The Great Famine in Irish and Ukrainian History Textbooks, in Noack, C., Janssen, L. and Comerford, V. (eds) Holodomor and Gorta Mór: Histories, Memories and Representations of Famine in Ukraine and Ireland. London: Anthem Press. Pp 77-102.

Hoskins, B., J.G. Janmaat and E. Villalba (2011). ‘Learning Citizenship Though Meaning Making Inside and Outside School: Using the Communities of Practice Lens in a Multi-Level Analysis of Effective Citizenship Education on the IEA 1999 Cived Data’. In: D. Lange (ed). Entgrenzungen: Gesellschaftlicher Wandel und Politischer Bildung. Schwalbach: Wochenschau Verlag, pp 297-310.

Janmaat, J.G. (2011). ‘Diversiteit in de Klas: Kweekvijver voor Verdraagzaamheid onder Alle Omstandigheden?’. In: J. Dronkers (red). Goede Bedoelingen in het Onderwijs: Kansen en Missers. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, pp 133-154.

Janmaat, J.G. (2008). ‘The Other in Ukrainian History Textbooks: The Case of Russia and the Russians’. In: H. V. Kasianov (ed) Obraz Inshoho v Susidnikh Istoriyakh (the image of the other in neighbouring histories). Kyiv: National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine – Institute of History. pp 144-160.

Janmaat, J.G. and N. Piattoeva (2007). ‘Education for Democratic Citizenship as a Transnational Discourse Penetrating Post-Soviet Education Systems: The Cases of Russia and Ukraine’. In: S. Moutsios and H.G. Kotthoff (eds.) Education Policies in Europe: Economy, Citizenship, Diversity. Muenster: Waxmann 2007. pp 147-166.

Janmaat, J.G. (2002) ‘Identity Construction and Education: The History of Ukraine in Soviet and Post-Soviet Schoolbooks’, in Paul D’Anieri and Taras Kuzio (eds.), Dilemmas of State-Led Nation Building in Ukraine. Westport CT: Praeger.

Janmaat, J.G. (2001) ‘The Impact of the Local State on the Nation-Building Project in Post-Soviet Ukraine’, in G. Dijkink & H. Knippenberg (eds.) The Territorial Factor. Political Geography in a Globalising World. Amsterdam: Amsterdam UP/Vossius Press.

Janmaat, J.G. (1998) ‘Nation-Building in Ukraine’s Educational System: Policy, Implementation and the response of the Russian and Russian-Speaking Population’, in L. Hagendoorn (ed.) Proceedings Conference Transformational Processes in Eastern Europe: Part III, Ethnicity and Nationalism. The Hague: ESR.


(iv)       Other publications including op-ed pieces

Janmaat, J.G. (2017). ‘The overriding effect of educational tracking on support for Fundamental British Values’. In: CNESCO Report Comment l’evaluation des politiques publiques contribue-t-elle a la vie democratique. CNESCO: Paris, pp 51-53. http://www.cnesco.fr/wpcontent/uploads/2017/09/Contributions_Evaluation_et_democratie.pdf

Janmaat, J.G. (2017). ‘Ethnically mixed schools as a breeding ground for tolerance: Implicatiions for local government’. In: International Association of Educating Cities report City, Living Together and Education. IAEC: Barcelona, pp 28-35. http://www.edcities.org/en/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2017/07/Monograph-City-Living-Together-and-Education.pdf

Janmaat, J.G. (2016). ‘Why higher levels of education don’t necessarily mean higher levels of tolerance’, The Independent, 21 December 2016.

Janmaat, J.G. (2016). ‘Why higher levels of education don’t necessarily mean higher levels of tolerance’, The Conversation, 19 December 2016.

Janmaat, J.G. and Kuzio, T. (2016). ‘The No Camp in the Netherlands Resorts to Stereotypes, Half-Truths and Demeaning Propaganda’, Kyiv Post, 6 April 2016.

Janmaat, J.G. (2015). ‘How Schools Can Help Immigrant Children Thrive’, The Conversation, 21 December 2015.

Janmaat, J.G. (2015). ‘Veeleisende Ouders Nooit Blij met Loting’, Het Parool, 24-6-2015.

Janmaat, J.G. (2015). ‘Classrooms with Mixed Ethnicity Can Help Boost Tolerance of Immigrants’, The Conversation, 10 February 2015.

Kranenburg, R. (2014). ‘Taalstrijd in de Oekraine’, Geografie, Vol 23, No 5, pp 20-14 (interview with Germ Janmaat).

Blom, S. en Janmaat, J.G. (2014). ‘Vrije Schoolkeuze Lost Niets op voor Ongelijkheid in Onderwijs’, Het Parool, 8-9-2014. [My contribution: 90%]

Janmaat, J.G. (2007). ‘Leve de Middenschool!’, Waterstof – Krant van Nederland. Nr. 20 Januari. Beschikbaar op: http://www.waterlandstichting.nl/index.php?pid=247

Janmaat, J.G. (2007). ‘Culturele Diversiteit en Sociale Cohesie’, Openbaar Bestuur. No 9 (september), pp. 6-10.

Janmaat, J.G. (2007). ‘Culturele Diversiteit en de Verzorgingsstaat’, Waterstof – Krant van Nederland. Nr. 29 December. Beschikbaar op: http://www.waterlandstichting.nl/index.php?pid=247

Janmaat, J.G. (2006) ‘Oekraine: Nieuwe Mythes in Geschiedenisonderwijs’, Prospekt 14, No. 4, pp 8,9.

Janmaat, J.G. (2004) ‘The Nation in Ukraine’s History Textbooks: A Civic, Ethnic or Cultural Cast?’, Educate, No. 1, pp. 8-15.

Janmaat, J.G. (2002) ‘Burgemeesters onder vuur: de benarde positie van lokaal en regionaal bestuur in de Oekraïne’, Oost-Europa Verkenningen, No. 168 (June 2002), 50-61.

Janmaat, J.G. (2000) ‘De Taalproblematiek in de Oekraïne’, Prospekt 8, No. 2, pp.14,15.

Janmaat, J.G. (2000) ‘Educational Reform and Nation-Building in Post-Soviet Ukraine’ Analysis of Current Events (ACE) 12, Nos 1-2, 16-19.

Janmaat, J.G. (2000) ‘Natievorming in de Oekraïne’, Rooilijn, No. 7, 335-341.


(v)        Reports

Janmaat, J.G., Hoskins, B., Mueller-Mathis, S. and Abs, H. J. (2012). Perceptions of Inequality: Technical Report on the Quantitative Data. LLAKES Research Report. Available at: http://www.llakes.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Perceptions-of-Inequalities-Technical-Report-Part-1.pdf.

Hoskins, B., Kerr, D., Abs, H. J., Janmaat, J. G., Morrison, J., Ridley, R., and Sizmur, J. (2012). Participatory Citizenship in the European Union: Analytic Report. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/citizenship/pdf/report2_analytic_report.pdf [My contribution: 15%]


(vi)       Research papers

Janmaat, J.G., Green, A., Melis, G. and Pensiero, N. (2017). 'The Dynamics of support for Brexit: Identifying the Groups for which Support for  'Leave' Has Changed'. LLAKES Research Paper 65. Available at ../../../publications%202014%20and%20later/LLAKES%20Research%20Paper%2065%20-%20Janmaat%20et%20al.pdf

Han, C., Janmaat, J.G., Hoskins, B. and Green, A. (2012). ‘Perceptions of Inequalities: Implications for Social Cohesion’. LLAKES Research Paper 35. Available at: http://www.llakes.org/home/llakes-research-papers. [My contribution: 45%]

Janmaat, J.G. (2010). ‘Classroom Diversity and its Relation to Tolerance, Trust and Participation in England, Sweden and Germany’. LLAKES Research Paper 4. Available at: http://www.llakes.org/Home/llakes-research-papers.

Janmaat, J.G. (2010). ‘School Systems, Segregation and Civic Competences among Adolescents’. LLAKES Research Paper 5. Available at: http://www.llakes.org-/Home/llakes-research-papers.

Green, A., Janmaat, J.G. and Han, C. (2009). ‘Regimes of Social Cohesion’. LLAKES Research Paper 1. Available at: http://www.llakes.org/Home/llakes-research-papers. [My contribution: 35%]


(vii)      UCL-IOE blogs

Janmaat, J.G. and Hoskins, B (2019). Voter turnout: How the education system widens the social class gap. 10-12-’19. https://ioelondonblog.wordpress.com/2019/12/10/voter-turnout-how-the-education-system-widens-the-social-class-gap/

Janmaat, J.G. (2018). Which voters have changed their minds about Brexit? 19 July. LSE blog. http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/90993/

Janmaat, J.G. (2018). Those with changing preferences on Brexit are the engaged, not the dissatisfied and alienated. 13 July. UCL blog. https://ucl-brexit.blog/category/brexit/page/3/

Janmaat, J.G. (2017). ‘EU and me: Why are British pensioners more likely to vote against open borders than their peers across the channel?’ https://ioelondonblog.wordpress.com/2017/07/14/eu-and-me-why-are-british-pensioners-more-nationalistic-than-their-peers-across-the-channel/

Janmaat, J.G. (2016). ‘We must listen to young people’s overwhelming vote to remain’. 28 June. https://ioelondonblog.wordpress.com/2016/06/28/we-must-listen-to-young-peoples-overwhelming-vote-to-remain/

Janmaat, J.G. (2015). ‘Russell Brand is wrong: Young people should vote and schools should do more to encourage them’. 10 March. https://ioelondonblog.wordpress.com/2015/03/10/russell-brand-is-wrong-young-people-should-vote-and-schools-should-do-more-to-encourage-them/#comments

Janmaat, J.G. (2013). ‘Research shows why anti-immigrant attitudes can fan the flames of ethnic intolerance’. 7 August. https://ioelondonblog.wordpress.com/2013/08/07/research-shows-why-anti-immigrant-attitudes-can-fan-the-flames-of-ethnic-intolerance/


(viii)     Book Reviews

Janmaat, J.G. (2011). Review of Daniel Faas, Negotiating Political Identities: Multiethnic Schools and Youth in Europe, Farnham: Ashgate. Ethnic and Racial Studies, No 2, 387-88.

Janmaat, J.G. (2007). Review of Jason Nicholls (ed), School History Textbookd Across Cultures, Oxford: Symposium Books. Compare: a Journal of Comparative and International Education, No 3, 407-09.